Non-destructive Testing is one part of the function of Quality Control and is complementary to other long established methods. By definition non-destructive testing is the testing of materials, for surface or internal flaws or metallurgical condition, without interfering in any way with the integrity of the material or its suitability for service. The technique can be applied on a sampling basis for individual investigation or may be used for 100% checking of material in a production quality control system.
Non-destructive Testing is not just a method for rejecting substandard material; it is also an assurance that the supposedly good is good. The technique uses a variety of principles; there is no single method around which a black box may be built to satisfy all requirements in all circumstances.
What follows is a brief description of the methods most commonly used in industry, together with details of typical applications, functions and advantages.
COMMON NDT METHODS
While there are many different methods of NDT only the more common NDT methods used for the evaluation of materials and welds will be outlined here. These methods are the following:
|(1) Visual inspection
(2) Liquid penetrant inspection
(3) Magnetic particle testing
(4) Radiographic inspection
(5) Ultrasonic testing
(6) Eddy current testing
Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) training is provided for people working in many industries. It is generally necessary that the candidate successfully completes a theoretical and practical training program, as well as have performed several hundred hours of practical application of the particular method they wish to be trained in. At this point, they may pass a certification examination. While online training has become more popular, many certifying bodies will require additional practical training.
Levels of certification
Most NDT personnel certification schemes listed above specify three “levels” of qualification and/or certification, usually designated as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 . The roles and responsibilities of personnel in each level are generally as follows (there are slight differences or variations between different codes and standards.
- Level 1 are technicians qualified to perform only specific calibrations and tests under close supervision and direction by higher level personnel. They can only report test results. Normally they work following specific work instructions for testing procedures and rejection criteria.
- Level 2 are engineers or experienced technicians who are able to set up and calibrate testing equipment, conduct the inspection according to codes and standards (instead of following work instructions) and compile work instructions for Level 1 technicians. They are also authorized to report, interpret, evaluate and document testing results. They can also supervise and train Level 1 technicians. In addition to testing methods, they must be familiar with applicable codes and standards and have some knowledge of the manufacture and service of tested products.
- Level 3 are usually specialized engineers or very experienced technicians. They can establish NDT techniques and procedures and interpret codes and standards. They also direct NDT laboratories and have central role in personnel certification. They are expected to have wider knowledge covering materials, fabrication and product technology.
Piping is crucial for transport of fluid from one equipment to another in any process plant.There are many aspects to piping and it can be a daunting and time consuming task to understand how everything fits together. This course provides a broad overview of piping engineering from designing to construction.Introduction to Piping Process Diagrams (PFD, UFD, P&ID, Line List etc)
Process piping interconnects various instruments in the projects and is intended for the chemical to flow through it. Piping system uses different types of pipe fittings such as valves, tees, flanges, reducers, elbows, gaskets etc. in its fabrication. Hence engineers should be familiar with those fittings and its quality control.
- Introduction to Piping design
- (ASME B31.1/B31.3)
- Classification of straight pipes
- Classification of Pipe Fitting
- “O” Lets
- Pipe Supports
- Symbols used in drawing
- Interpretation of Pipe drawings
Welding is used to fuse together pieces of metal to create or repair various metallic structures. There are many ways welding can be done. Welding equipment can operate using lasers, open flames, or an electric arc. Welding inspectors examine the connections and bonds between metals. Inspectors use visual tools and electrical instruments to check and ensure the quality and safety of connections.In addition to working in the field completing their examinations of welding projects, inspectors spend time in an office setting compiling their reports. The majority of inspectors work on a full-time basis, primarily during business workdays. Some risk may be associated with this profession; welding inspectors utilize protective gear during their evaluations to keep themselves from harm on welding sites.
Main features included in the course of Welding Inspection are
- Inspect welds
- Physical Condition
- Knowledge of Welding
- Knowledge of Drawings, Specifications, and Procedures
- Knowledge of Testing Methods
- Education and Training
- Welding Experience
- Inspection Experience
- Certification of Qualification
Some of the processes included in the course are
WPS – Weld Procedure Specification:
- Qualified instructions on how to complete the weld.
- A WPS is a written (qualified) welding procedure prepared to provide direction for the making of production welds.
PQR – Procedure Qualification Record (ASME) & WPAR – Weld Procedure Approval Record:
- Record of the welding parameters and test results
- A PQR is a record of welding data used to weld a test coupon
Welder Qualification Test certificate & Welder Performance Qualification (ASME):
- Record of Welder test results and range of approval
Non-destructive Testing is one part of the function of Quality Control and is complementary to other long established methods. By definition non-destructive testing is the testing of materials, for surface or internal flaws or metallurgical condition, without interfering in any way with the integrity of the material or its suitability for service. The technique can be applied on a sampling basis for individual investigation or may be used for 100% checking of material in a production quality control system.Non-destructive Testing is not just a method for rejecting substandard material; it is also an assurance that the supposedly good is good. The technique uses a variety of principles; there is no single method around which a black box may be built to satisfy all requirements in all circumstances.
The ASNT NDT Level II program provides third-party certification for nondestructive testing (NDT) personnel whose specific jobs require knowledge of the technical principles underlying the nondestructive tests they perform, witness, monitor or evaluate. The program provides a system for ASNT NDT Level II certification in NDT accordance with Recommended Practice No. SNT-TC-1A.
Certification under this program results in the issuance of an ASNT certificate and wallet card attesting to the fact that the certificate holder has met the published guidelines for the Basic and Method examinations as detailed in Recommended Practice No. SNT-TC-1A.
Destructive Testing And Non-Destructive Testing-Define & type, Testing and inspection, Levels of certification, ASNT Level II Responsibilities, Mechanical properties, Methods of NDT-(Conventional and Advanced), NDT Responsibilities, Stress-strain curve, mechanical properties.
COMMON NDT METHODS
The six most frequently used test methods are
- Magnetic Particle Testing (MT)
- Liquid Penetrant Testing (PT)
- Radiographic Testing (RT)
- Ultrasonic Testing (UT)
- Electromagnetic Testing (ET)
- Visual Testing (VT)
SPECIALISED NDT METHOD
- Acoustic Emission Testing (AE)
- Guided Wave Testing (GW)
- Laser Testing Methods (LM)
- Leak Testing (LT)
- Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL)
- Neutron Radiographic Testing (NR)
- Thermal/Infrared Testing (IR)
- Vibration Analysis (VA)
ASNT NDT LEVEL II EXAMINATIONS
Successful ASNT NDT Level II certification candidates must complete the General examination and at least one Specific examination.
The 50-question multiple-choice Level II General examinations cover the fundamentals, principles and theory found in the applicable Level II Topical Outlines found in the ANSI/ASNT American National Standard CP-105, ASNT Standard Topical Outlines for Qualification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel. The general exam is the same for all Sectors for any one test method.
The specific examinations determine the industry Sector. ASNT currently offers Specific examinations for the General Inspection and Pressure Equipment Sectors. These examinations consist of 40 multiple-choice questions based on an NDT procedure covering the equipment, operating processes and NDT techniques commonly used in the applicable industry Sector.
QA/QC in Civil
Quality Assurance and Quality Control are extremely important aspects of any engineering or construction project without which successful completion of the project can’t be imagined. In fact, these two are integral parts of virtually any project one can think of. Proper implementation of Quality Assurance and Quality Control not only results in a sound project but also leads to more economy by means of optimisation. It’s hence important to realise the meaning or the definitions of the terms Quality Assurance and Quality Control. Certification of QC and QA certificate is issued by NACEL, Government of India. NDT CERTIFICATES are issued by AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING (ASNT).
Duties and Responsibilities of a QA/QC Engineer:
- Codes QC documentation
- QC Reporting
- Quality review meetings
- Quality audits
- Training QC personnel on quality matters
- Improving the existing QA framework
- Calibration and maintenance of testing and measuring equipments
- Quantity survey Site safety
- Non Destructive Tests(NDT)
- QC laboratory and Field tests
- Project Quality Plan (PQP)
- Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
- Inspection Test Plans (ITP)
- Job Procedures (JP)
- Pile load testing
- Concrete core test Permeabilty tests
- Strength tests Corrosion assessment
- Carbonation tests
- Pile integrity tests
Civil engineering deals with the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while civil surveying deals with estimation, quick method, estimation for complete project, standard material consumption for various items, mode of measurements, rate analysis, data used by the site engineers etc. In short quantity surveying provides expert advice on construction costs.
A Quantity Surveyor (QS) is a professional working within the construction industry concerned with construction costs and contracts. Services provided by a Quantity Surveyor may include:
- Cost planning and commercial management throughout the entire life cycle of the project from inception to post-completion
- Value engineering
- Risk Management and calculation
- Procurement advice and assistance during the tendering procedures
- Tender analysis and agreement of the Contract Sum
- Commercial Management and Contract Administration
- Assistance in dispute resolution
- Asset Capitalisation
- Interim valuations and payment assessment
- Cost Management process
- Assessing the additional costs of design variations
- Assessing the tenders
- Estimating the cost of variations
- Preparing valuation statements for interim certificates
- Preparing regular cost reposts.
- Completing the final account.
Civil NDT includes two sections
- Non Destructive Testing (NDT) Section As Per (IS Codes and ASTM Codes)
- QC Section
Non Destructive Testing (NDT) Section As Per (IS CODES and ASTM CODES)
- Rebound hammer test
- Ultrasonic pulse velocity Concrete testing
- Penetration methods
- Corrosion assessment ,thickness of concrete bridges
- NDT for detection of cracks voids in concrete bridges
- Radar method
- For steel bridges (Ultrasonic Testing , Magnetic And Liquid Penetrate Testing and Radiographic Testing )
- NDT on masonry bridges
- Infrared thermograph Test
- Pile Integrity Test
- Introduction to quality control and civil engineering
- Planning, assuring and process quality
- Construction materials and material control
- Destructive testing
- Mechanical inspection
- Safety requirements for testing
- Results and interpretation
- Tests on soils
- Tests on bitumen
- Tests on cements
- Tests on aggregates
- Tests on fresh concrete
- Moisture content
- Liquid limit
- Plastic limit
- Specific gravity
- Particle size analysis
- Sedimentation analysis
- Consolidation test
- In situ bulk density and dry density
- Plate load test
- Standard penetration test.
- Setting time
- Compressive strength
- Storage of cement
- In-site Sampling & Preparations
- Flakines& Elongation Index
- Specific Gravity
- Water Absorption
- Bulk Density
- Aggregate Impact Value
- Aggregate crushing value
- Aggregate abrasion value
- Silt & Clay content
- Compressive strength
- Flexural strength
- Compaction factor
- Slump test
- Flow test
- Non destructive tests
- Carbonation Test
- Pile Load test
- Flash point
- Fire point
- Softening point
- content – Ductility
- Silt & Clay content
Non Destructive Test:
- Surface Hardness Test
- Penetration resistance tests
- Pull out test
- Pull off test
- Maturity method
- Ultrasonic pulse velocity test
- frequency test
- Infra red thermography
- Corrosion detection & Analysis
- Permeability tests
- Reinforcement detection & verification
- Material calculation
- Tendering & Billing
- Method statements
- Duties and responsibilities of a quantity surveyor
- Use of PPE’s
Electrical Design & Drafting Engineering
Electrical Design Engineering is a field of engineering that commonly deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. Due to lack of formal studies to the students, they will not get skillful techniques on electrical design systems. These days, there is huge requirement of Electrical Design Engineers in numerous divisions such as design, manufacture and mechanism of power and distribution systems, design of safety system, Sub-stations Design, commercial and Domestic interior lighting, design of low current systems, selection of shielding device, CCTV System Design, design of fire alarm systems, and Sound Systems design. All courses based on Electrical Design are designed by Engineering Design & Power Training Institute with the help of advance technology and techniques.
- Introduction to EPC industry
- Introduction to role of Electrical Engineering in EPC/Plant establishment.
- Wiring and cable management systems
- Lighting Management System
- Introduction to common terminology used across industry
- Overview of international codes & standard used in industry
- Introduction to P & ID & symbols.
- Calculation of Load & preparation of Load schedule
- Selection of motor with respect to connected machine & usage.
- Estimation of power supply capacity & stand by capacity
- Power distribution system House Wiring Concept (designing)
- Apartment & Industrial designing
- Revit, Auto cadd, relux software training
Instrumentation can be defined as the art and science of measurement and manage of process variables within fabrication or manufacturing area. Instrumentation generally plays an important role in chemical process plants where instrumentation is used as calculating and monitoring of diverse operations. Control system is considered as a main part of instrumentation and instrumentation design that concerns with specifications of equipment, layouts, wiring schematics, instrument index and many others. All these major activities related to the process are handled by the professional instrumentation Design Engineer. Instrumentation Design Engineering Course offer by the professionals to improves the skills of the students by providing them practical knowledge of collection, mechanism and commissioning of industrial instrumentation and control valves with its qualifications, layouts, wiring schematics, instrument index.
- Introduction to industry & EPC contractor.
- Role of Instrumentation Engineer in various types of Industry.
- General requirements from Clients & Supplier.
- Relevant Codes & Standards.
- Basic Design requirement based on the type of plant e.g. Chemical, Petrochemical Industrial, power plant etc.
- Designing & selection of various instrument
– Pressure Instruments (Gauge,Indicator,Transmittor)
– Temperature Instruments (Gauge,Indicator,Transmittor)
– Flow Instruments (Gauge,Indicator,Transmittor)
– Control Valves
– Shutoff Valves
– DCS for whole plant
- Process Data sheets and Specifications, Instrument Data Sheets
- Instrument Wiring Layout, Logic Diagrams
- Loop Drawing, Loop Wiring Diagram, JB Layout
- Cable Schedule, Cable Tray Layout
- Hook-Up Drawing
- Introduction to PLC hardware
- Role of PLC in automation
- Types of Inputs & outputs
- Architectural Evolution of PLC
- Introduction to the field devices attached to PLC
- Various ranges available in PLCs
- Source Sink Concept in PLC
- PLC Communication etc
- Uses of SCADA software
- Different packages available with I/O structure
- Features of SCADA software
- Introduction to AC/DC Drives
- Selection criteria of the drives for particular application
- Preparation of cable layput diagram
- LT/HT Panel design
- Wireless Technology
QA (Quality Assurance)/QC (Quality control) is a process which entitles to review Quality of all factors involved in electrical production and instrumentation. In every industry QA/QC have major rule to Develop and determine all standards to perform inspection and tests on all procedures and oversee all testing methods and maintain high standards of quality for all processes. Review quality of all materials at site and ensure compliance to all project specifications and quality and collaborate with department for all material procurement and maintain quality of materials. Supervise effective implementation of all test and inspection schedule and ensure adherence to all procedures and coordinate with various teams to perform quality audits on processes. Assist with employees to ensure knowledge of all quality standards and ensure compliance to all quality manual and procedures and collaborate with contractors and suppliers to maintain quality of all systems.
Duties and Responsibilities of a QA/QC Engineer:
- Preparation of Lighting & Power outlet layouts covering light points, A/C points, Telephone points, speaker & Music System, CCTV points, Computer (LAN) points, fan fixtures etc.
- Preparation of Electrical Load Calculation to arrive at the ratings / requirements of Capital items such as Transformer & DG set.
- Preparation of detailed Estimate for Budgetary purposes.
- Preparation of Substation / Electrical Room / DG set room drawings as well as Electrical Equipment layout drawings.
- Preparation of Electrical Schematic Diagrams, Technical specifications for materials to be purchased, Schedule of Quantities and Tender Documents.
- Invitation of quotations and assistance in finalization of Electrical Contract as well as material to be purchased by the owner.
- Scrutinizing and approval of contractors working drawings.
- Supervision for installation, testing and commissioning.
- Duties & Role of an Electrical QC Engineer
- Important Indian Standards & International Standards (IEC,DEWA,NEC )
- MV Installation, Transformer, Cables, Generator, motors
- Switch gear and Busbar selection
- Fault level calculation and Earthing design
- Lighting Protection
- Preparation of drawings (House, industrial)
- Substation room designing
- Quality control orders
- Testing and Inspection of CT, PT, Panel boards ,earthing conductors etc.
- Project and BOQ SOFTWARE AUTO CAD, RELUX, ECODIAL
HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning) is a major sub discipline of mechanical engineering. The goal of HVAC design is to balance indoor and vehicular environmental comfort with other factors such as installation cost, ease of maintenance and energy efficiency, provide thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality.
The diploma certification program specializes in full analytical load calculations, ventilation system designing, duct designing, air distribution system designing, sizing pipes and pumps, estimation of requirements, and all HVAC EQUIPMENT selections as per ASHRAE, ISHRAE standards. We offer high quality training in designing and drafting along with cost effective and prompt HVAC design system services. The training provided by the academy is fruitful as it includes on-site training and practical knowledge.
HVAC is a major sub discipline of mechanical engineering deals with the technology of indoor air quality management of buildings and human comfort. HVAC system designing deals with heating, ventilation systems designing, air conditioning, refrigeration system designing and equipment selection.
- Basic of designing, heat load calculation (manually & Software)
- Machine parts, Coil selection, chiller parts
- Pumps schematic diagram and estimation
- Cooling tower selection, pump selection
- Low side material selection
- Drafting Project 1
Drafting Project 2
- Quantity Survey
- HAP (hourly analysis program)
- Duct Sizes
- Pipe Sizes
- Mechanical CAD Training
Graduate in any discipline.
COURSE DURATION & DETAILS
Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing services (MEP) are a significant component of the construction supply chain. MEP design is critical for design decision-making, accurate documentation, performance and cost-estimating, construction planning, managing and operating the resulting facility. Our mechanical and electrical engineering, HVAC, and plumbing design services team members are proven leaders in innovation and conscious of the need to balance functionality, cost, energy conservation and integration with aesthetic architectural elements. We proactively meet the challenges of achieving occupant comfort, meeting code-mandated operating parameters and concealing large equipment both visually and audibly.
MEP Engineer is a single-level professional classification responsible for planning and design in the areas of mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems including developing polices, standards, inspection procedures, and evaluation of various projects. The mechanical aspect focuses on heating, cooling and ventilation (HVAC) and the electrical aspect focuses on providing power to all outlets and appliances .The plumbing aspect focuses on the delivery of water and the draining of waste water
The plumbing industry is access to water supply and basic sanitation systems is an essential human need. In order for our society to function efficiently and in safe environment, it is important that these basic needs are met. Plumbers and professionals working in plumbing industry help us to achieve this goal. A modern day plumber’s job is wide in scope: plumbers lay down pipes for the distribution of water and disposal of waste-water, design, repairs, and maintain the drain, waste and vent system, install fixtures and also work with gas pipelines.
- Plumb selection
- Head calculation
- Rain Water Harvesting
- Drainage System
- Soak Pit Calculation
- Water supply fixture unit
- Water calculation
- Electrical designing
- Plumbing systems
- Fire fighting
Drilling Technology course gives a thorough knowledge in exploration process. It covers major topics such as rigging component, drilling fluids, rotary drilling practices and rotary rig components. Reviews well planning, rig system, BOP, well control and well completion. It will give the students to get prominent knowledge in drilling.
A drilling rig is a machine that creates holes in the earth sub-surface. Drilling rigs can be massive structures like housing equipments used to drill water, oil wells or natural gas extraction wells, or they can be small enough to move manually by one person and are called augers. Drilling rigs can be sample sub-surface mineral deposits, test rock, soil and ground water physical properties and can be used to instal sub-surface fabrications, such as underground utilities, instrumentation, tunnels or wells. Drilling rigs can be mobile equipments mounted on trucks, tracks or trailers or more permanent land or marine based structures. The term “rig” therefore generally refers to the complex equipment that is used to penetrate the surface of the Earth Crust.
- Basic of drilling
- Mud Circulating System
- Drilling fluids
- Drilling operations
- Mud logging
- Well testing
- Well completion
- Well Head Maintenance
- Basics of rig safety
The American Welding Society (AWS) was founded in 1919, as a nonprofit organization with a goal to advance the science, technology and application of welding and related joining methods. From factory floor to high-rise construction, from military weaponry to home products, from pressure vessels to pipelines, AWS continues to lead the way in supporting welding education and technology.
AWS is known internationally to have documented the best practices, and the best way to test the skillset of several Job profiles involved in the engineering industry. When AWS tests and certifies a technician or an engineer, the international engineering community accepts the fact that this person is suitable for a particular job profile. So an AWS certification basically helps the candidate to widen the horizon where he can take up a job or assignment.
The Certification Scheme for Personnel (CSWIP) is a comprehensive scheme which provides for the examination and certification of individuals seeking to demonstrate their knowledge and/or competence in their field of operation. The scope of CSWIP includes, all levels of Welding Inspectors, Welding Supervisors, Plant Inspectors, Welding Instructors, Underwater Inspectors and NDT personnel.CSWIP is managed by the Certification Management Board, which acts as the Governing Board for Certification, in keeping with the requirements of the industries served by the scheme. The Certification Management Board, in turn, appoints specialist Management Committees to oversee specific parts of the scheme. All CSWIP Boards and Committees comprise member representatives of relevant industrial and other interests.The current document covers the Certification of Visual Welding Inspectors (Level 1) Welding Inspectors (Level 2) and Senior Welding Inspectors (Level 3). There are two categories of Senior Welding Inspector: one with Radiographic Interpretation and one without.
Pipe Design Engineering is counted as an important department in diverse stream of engineering such as Mechanical, Chemical, Petroleum and Production Engineering. Pipes and its related equipments are responsible for 25% of total investments in varied sectors including chemical, pharmaceutical, power plants, LPG / CNG Plant, Distribution System, oil and petrochemical plants. That why Piping Design Engineering plays an imperative role in plant Design and its Construction.
All professionals like Mechanical Engineers, System Designers, and Production & Manufacturing Engineers with awareness of piping design engineering are permitted to make effectual & competent designs, prepare of accurate equipment specification and route layouts etc., in any EPC company.
A large number of global challenges which include protection against corrosion, safeguarding pipelines, pipe coating, pipe bending, pipe welding, leak detection in long-Online pipelines and offshore services, cleaning of pipelines, efficient use of pipe etc, create the requirement of specialized piping design engineers.
- Basics of Oil & Gas/ Power Industry & introduction to commonly used terminology.
• Role of a Piping Engineer in various fields of industry.
• Introduction to Various piping components (Pipe, Fittings, Flanges, Valves, gaskets, Strainer, Steam Trap etc)
• Codes & Standards.
• Pipe Wall Thickness Calculation
• Branch reinforcement calculation
- Pipe Hydraulics & Line Sizing
• Introduction to of Equipments Used in Process/ Power Plants & study of Equipment datasheet/ GADs .
• PMS & VMS.
• Introduction to P&ID symbols.
• PFD, P&ID.
• Layout: Designing of piping of Various equipments, Equipment layout, Pipe Rack, Nozzle Orientation, Steam tracing, Steam piping, Drip leg Piping, Underground piping etc.
• Study of GAD isometric drawing.
• Guidelines to preparation of as built drawings.
• Preparation of Isometric drawings and Bill of Materials.
• Steam Tracing & insulation
• Piping Supports.